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abstain

美国发音:[əb'steɪn]
英国发音:[əb'steɪn]

[v]
英语解释:to deliberately avoid doing something that is enjoyable but that may not be healthy, safe, or morally right
常见翻译:弃权

to refrain from; to avoid.
People who don't drink, smoke, or have sex especially for reasons of health abstain from them. When a person decides not to vote, for or against an issue, they abstain (from voting). Abstinence is avoiding alcohol, excess of food, smoking, etc..


Sentences:

He promised to abstain from smoking, chewing, and profanity as long as he remained a member.
他答应戒掉吸烟,嚼烟,渎神,一日当着会员,一日不破戒。