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to refrain from; to avoid.
英语解释:to deliberately avoid doing something that is enjoyable but that may not be healthy, safe, or morally right
People who don't drink, smoke, or have sex especially for reasons of health abstain from them. When a person decides not to vote, for or against an issue, they abstain (from voting). Abstinence is avoiding alcohol, excess of food, smoking, etc..
- For nearly two years, he lived on a modest diet, abstaining from rich foods and alcohol, for reasons of health.
- His decision to abstain from alcohol follows his realization of the damage it has done to his health.
He promised to abstain from smoking, chewing, and profanity as long as he remained a member.